lessons/ epicreact

Rendering children with CreateElement

children is a special property in React. Let’s make sure we know how they work.

  • Log the element to the console (so we can see what a React Element is made of)
    • $$typeof: Symbol(react.element)
    • type: "div"
    • A few special props like key and ref
    • And our props object with children and className — as we wrote them

Now we can add children in many different ways.

  • Remove the children property,
    • And add the “Hello React” string asa third argument
    • This is functionally identical

But we can also children with different types and get the same result!

  • Overload the function by splitting up the string into two: Hello, and React
    • The output to the DOM remains the same but children is now an array of two strings
    • And we can add as many items as we want to this array

Now this behavior isn’t limited to function overloading. We can pass an array to the children property for the same result.

Finally, any of these elements can be another React element.

  • Let’s empaphize “React” by wrapping it in a React.element with:
    • The element type em
    • and no additional props (null)

Looking at the logged React element, we see:

  • Our react.element, with
    • a two element children array
      • the first: a string “Hello”
      • and the second:
        • another react.element,
        • with the type em,
        • and children: the string React

We learned that:

  • createElement recieves children in multiple ways,
    • as additional function arguments
    • or a single array,
    • and that children can also accept arrays with additional React elements
<div id="root"></div>
<script type="module">
import React from '[email protected]'
import ReactDOM from '[email protected]/client'
const rootElement = document.getElementById('root')
const element = React.createElement(
// children: "Hello React",
// children: ["Hello", " React"],
children: [
React.createElement('em', null, ' React'),
className: 'greeting',
// "Hello",
// " React"
// ["Hello", " React"]